Dukan diet and the Atkins diet are some examples of quick diets that are most popular and are followed by thousands of people across the world. However, they are not without risk. Experts remind that losing weight requires efforts, sacrifice and patience. To lose weight the healthy way, weight loss should be slow and sustained over time and it is the only way to combat overweight or obesity and avoid rebound effect.
Still, many people undergo the restrictive, high protein, fast or miracle diets hoping to be thin in record time. If this is your case, you should know the risks to which you could be exposed to by following quick weight destroyer diets.
- For the vast majority, these diets are neither studied medically nor their effectiveness in terms of weight loss or improved risk of cardiometabolic safety.
- Since these quick diets have not been studied, it is easy for these diets to skip the minimum requirements of energy and essential nutrients like vitamins, minerals, essential amino acids and trace elements that enable healthy weight loss without risk to health.
- High protein diets like the Dukan diet may be associated with bone loss and promote osteoporosis. In addition, rapid weight loss and excess protein may be associated with an increased risk of elevations of uric acid and gout.
- The unbalanced diets, such as those limited to eating one type of food, can cause fatigue, headaches and mood disorders. Depending on their composition, they could increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer.
- Deficiency of iron, vitamin B12, iodine, vitamin D and calcium is common in the general population and may be exacerbated by tracking an unbalanced diet. Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause anemia and neurological disorders. Deficiency of vitamin D and/or calcium can cause alterations in bone formation. Furthermore, iron deficiency increases the risk of anemia, hair loss and brittle nails.
This effect occurs in healthy people who undergo unbalanced diet. Those individuals who have any underlying disease such as diabetes, kidney or liver disease, can accuse more negative health consequences.
Since unbalanced diet is followed for a short time, it can have serious complications. After quitting the diet, there is not usually balanced eating pattern, which becomes the starting point for poor eating habits and you gain weight again.
Lack of physical activity is another aspect that can produce the rebound effect. Subjecting a successful diet treatment for solely to get rid of obesity is a mistake; physical activity is essential for weight maintenance.
The over-calorie diets are associated with a loss of muscle mass, glycogen and decreased resting energy expenditure. These are all the elements that can affect a decrease in total energy expenditure which that can be translated after a return to weight gain.
A gluten-free diet can be balanced, but it must be prescribed and medically supervised, because any removal of large groups of foods in your diet can lead to malnutrition.
The Dukan diet and the Atkins diet have not been studied scientifically. They are usually performed without prescription or medical monitoring and are not part of a comprehensive and personalized treatment of obesity. Their side effects are fatigue, gout and abnormal lipid profile.
But above all, the concern is the very negative impact on nutrition education in our society. In this sense, the educational improvement of a country, obtained after years of effort with government campaigns and daily work of health professionals, etc. may diminish easily and quickly by aggressive marketing that promotes unbalanced diets.
Be careful with the effects on bone health, risk of cancer or cardiovascular risk. However, the person doing this type of diet does not perceive these problems as symptoms until years later that a pattern of strength and health is observed.
The quick, restrictive and unbalanced diets do not promote healthy habits and you always have the risk getting fat again.